Monthly Archives: September 2020

What Is A PTFE Ring Gasket?

Leakage is the most common problem of every industry whether it is the leakage of water or the chemicals. Fighting back with the leakage of the chemicals is necessary, especially when you are operating with the hazardous chemicals. From the huge range of the products, Flange Guards and Gaskets are the products that are widely used to prevent the leakage of the liquids, oils, and gases. The gaskets are available in the market with various materials as per the application of the product. The gaskets are classified into three categories mainly; metallic, semi-metallic and nonmetallic.

PTFE gasket is perfect for the industries which are dealing with the hazardous chemicals and it is a non-metallic product which is easily available in the market. PTFE stands for Polytetrafluoroethylene which has the high-end material capabilities for resisting chemicals. The industries like Aerospace, Heat Exchangers, Plumbing, Chemical Industries, Food Industries, Pharmaceuticals, Petrochemicals, Oil and Gas Industries, etc. are used the gaskets for sealing the liquids or gases flowing in the pipelines. It is non-corrosive and is available in different shapes and sizes. The product has excellent working capabilities with high and low temperature. It is popular for its chemical resisting properties and there is no chance of leakage as well as the cross-linking. It is also economical in price and can be used by any manufacturer or industry. The PTFE gaskets are available in various structures, for example Ring, Envelope, Reedy Type, etc.

Various Properties Of PTFE Ring Gaskets:-

Heat And Chemical Resistance: The PTFE gaskets are famous for its temperature and chemical resistant properties. It is non-sticking in nature without tarnishing its appearance. The main cause of failure of the operation is the high temperature and concentration of the acids. PTFE products are specifically known for resisting them effectively.

Non-Friction: The flange and bolt load create friction with the surface of the joints and the product has to face extreme pressure which can blow it out and cause leakage. PTFE products are the best at preventing the leakage and creation of friction. The product is the best at bearing loads and is an excellent choice for pipe gaskets.

Wide Application: The PTFE products are used in various industrial applications because they are cheap, affordable, safe, reliable, prevents leakage, extreme temperature resistant, corrosion resistant, etc. It can deal with low as well as high temperature and bears the high load. They are used in chemical, petrochemical, oil and gas industry, etc. It perfectly seals the liquid and gas in the pipes.

Pharmaceutical Peptone Is A Valuable Biological Product

What is a biological product?

The US department of federal law and government has defined Biological product as any organic compound. It can be

• Virus

• Therapeutic serum

• Toxin

• Antitoxin

• Vaccine

• Blood and other blood components

• Allergenic product

• Analogous product

• Arsphenanaine

All these living organisms or chemicals are both useful and harmful to mankind. These substances are used in agricultural, pharmaceutical, food and beverages, cosmetics, microbiology culture media, biotechnology and fermentation and plant tissue culture media. All these products help in obtaining useful products for us. These substances are composed of sugars, proteins, nucleic acids and cells and are obtained from both plant and animal.

One of the most important and broadly used biological products is Peptones. It is one of the best biological products and has many advantages in numerous industries. Researchers all over the world have researched and found practical application of Peptone in medicinal and cosmetic industries.

More about Peptone

Peptone is also called as peptide or protein. It is unique and different from meat, soya and other protein forms. It is an innate source of amino acid with enriched hydroxy proteins, proline and glycine. These proteins play an essential part in strengthening fibrous tissues. Moreover, it is free from adverse reactions and easily available as Peptone Powder.

Properties of Pharmaceutical Peptone

This Peptone is usually light yellow or white in color and a very special smell. It is soluble in water but not in alcohol. These properties of peptone help it dissolve in water and stand clear to form Peptone water.

Use of Pharmaceutical Peptone in numerous fields

Peptone Manufacturers have extended the alternative use of peptone in medical and cosmetic products. Peptone is extracted from both plants and animals. Meat and Sunflower plant is a huge resource for the same. These products are easily available in website stores these days. Peptones infusions and peptone extracts with its raw material are functional in culture medium manufacturing.

Medicinal and Cosmetic use of Peptone

Through research, renowned scientists experimenting and researching about skin infection have found the root cause of eczema. It is caused due to a strain of microbial yeast grown in the skin. Eczema is a dreadful disease of the skin and it is caused by microbial yeast. which can be eradicated by peptides. Peptone could provide treatment for many such debilitating skin disorders. It is so helpful that researchers are still finding more alternative ways to bring peptone in application.

KENAF – An Alternative Crop For Tropical and Temperate Agriculture

Introduction To The Plant That Can Stop The Cutting Of Old Growth Forests

Hibiscus cannabinus L., kenaf is a warm season annual closely related to cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) and okra (Abelmoschus esculentus L.).

Kenaf can be used as a domestic supply of cordage fiber in the manufacture of rope, twine, carpet backing and burlap. Research, in the early 1940s, focused on the development of high-yielding anthracnose-resistant varieties, cultural practices and harvesting machinery.

Kenaf Fiber is an ideal PLANT BASED and renewable source of fiber that has many characteristics of both wood fiber and plant fiber. Kenaf has many uses including textile fiber and woodfiber characteristics. The resultant fibers are extremely strong and very durable. Kenaf has many uses including:.

Pulp, paper and cardboard (from wet way process).

Standard newsprint containing between 90% and 100% chemi-thermo-mechanical pulp.

Standard newsprint from mixes of KTMP pulp and de-inked pulp from retted paper.

Newsprint from mixes of kenaf thermo-mechanical pulp (KTMP) and wood pulp from Southern Pine.

Super-calendered writing and printing paper from mixtures containing KTMP pulp.

Various types of writing and printing paper containing KTMP.

Fine coated paper from mixtures containing KTMP.

Various types of tissue paper containing KTMP pulp.

Sulphate pulp (Kraft) from the whole kenaf stem and from separated fibres.

Chemical pulp from the whole kenaf stem or from separated fibres obtained using processes other than Kraft.

Linerboard, corrugated board made from kenaf pulp (from mechanical or chemical processes using both the whole kenaf stem or separated fibres).

Lining for roofs in feltpaper.

Hardboard panels made from whole stems or separated fibres.

Cellulose for chemical uses.

Handmade art paper from whole kenaf stems or just from separated fibres.

Panels (dry processes using moldable fibre mattresses).

Moldable fibre mattresses for industrial uses from Kenaf bast fibre.

Natural molded fibres for interior panels for cars and planes.

Rigid molded products: boxes, trays, drums, pallets etc. for the packing, stowage and shipment of industrial products.

Pressed board and other materials for use in the furniture and construction industries.

Compressed insulating panels.

Decorative wall panels.

Linings in compressed fibre for doors and other decorative applications (architectural).

Traditional cordage uses

Padding material (to substitute jute and kenaf imported from Asia).

String, rope and cord to substitute imported cordage.

Material for mattresses and furniture.

Bast fibre mattresses impregnated with grass seeds and absorbent agents for “instant lawns”.

Bast fibre mattresses combined with spray mulching products to control terrain erosion.

Mass uses as absorbent agent.

Animal litter.

Horticulture and flower-growing products.

Cleaning up of liquid leakages from plants in industrial areas.

Cleaning of industrial flooring.

Additive for drilling muds in oil wells.

Filtering products.

Compost

Packing materials.

Inert, natural and biodegradable filler, used instead of polystyrene foam.

Wrapping for gifts and handicraft products.

Natural fuels.

Biomass for burning in various forms (powder, core fibre and waste in general).

Right now all over the world about 1,700,000 acres of kenaf are being grown. That is usually grown by a small holder and backyard growers. China has over 250,000 acres but is planning to grow millions of acres of kenaf. For millennia kenaf has been used for rope, food, twine and sackcloth. Kenaf combines environmentalism with the vast need for the most important component of civilized society, paper. At the same time it can help mitigate climate change being driven by deforestation. It’s a win-win plant.

Kenaf continues to be used in Africa and Asia as a cordage crop, processed in the same way for over 4000 years. However, in 2008, kenaf has come of age in the developed world because of a juxtaposition of many factors including global warming, extensive planetary deforestation, high energy prices and extreme weather developing throughout our planet. As a result of these factors the need for an environmentally sound alternative to the use of wood based fibers has grown and will continue to accelerate in the indefinite future.

For many years, kenaf was considered just an environmental novelty, mostly used by so called ecofanatics. They purchased kenaf as an ecopaper, because they did not want to buy paper made from chips from Old Growth Forest. Many people did not really believe in the possibility of global warming and the contributing factors of excessive deforestation to drive global climate change. But as the Arctic ice continued to melt, and more and more wild weather continues, oil prices accelerate and the global forest diminishes, kenaf is at the forefront of the coming environmental business and sustainable development sea change.

Kenaf Is The Fiber That Can Change The World! Join The Corporate Leaders Who Are Moving Toward Sustainability

During the 1950s, kenaf was identified as a promising fiber source for paper pulp. Kenaf fibers have been processed into high quality newsprint and bond paper.

Although kenaf is usually considered a fiber crop, research indicates that it has high protein content and, therefore, is a potential livestock feed. Crude protein in kenaf leaves ranged from 21 to 34 percent, stalk crude protein ranged from 10 to 12 percent, and whole-plant crude protein ranged from 16 to 23 percent.

Kenaf can be ensilaged effectively, and it has satisfactory digestibility with a high percentage of digestible protein. Digestibility of dry matter and crude proteins in kenaf feeds ranged from 53 to 58 percent, and 59 to 71 percent, respectively Kenaf meal, used as a supplement in a rice ration for sheep, compared favorably with a ration containing alfalfa meal.

In addition to the use of kenaf for cordage, paper pulp and livestock feed researchers have investigated its use as poultry litter and animal bedding, bulking agent for sewage sludge composting and as a potting soil amendment. Additional products include automobile dashboards, carpet padding, corrugated medium, as a “substitute for fiberglass and other synthetic fibers,” building materials (particle boards of various densities, thicknesses, and fire and insect resistances), absorbents, textiles and as fibers in extraction molded plastics.

Photosensitivity and Seed Production

Kenaf varieties can be divided into two major groups based on their photosensitivity – photosensitive and photoinsensitive. Typically, photosensitive varieties are preferred for the production of fiber in the United States. Two of these varieties, Everglades 41 and Everglades 71, were developed by USDA researchers to extend the vegetative growing season before the plants initiate flowering. Photosensitive cultivars initiate flowering when daylengths decrease to approximately 12.5 h; mid September in southern states. In photosensitive varieties, the initiation of flowering causes a reduction in vegetative growth. Because of late floral initiation and inability to produce mature seed prior to a killing frost, seed production in the United States for these varieties is limited to southern Florida, the Lower Rio Grande Valley of Texas and southernmost Arizona and California.

Photoinsensitive (often referred to as day neutral) varieties can initiate flowering and produce mature seed before a killing frost north of latitude 300. Photoinsensitive varieties, such as Guatemala 4, Guatemala 45, Guatemala 48, Guatemala 51 and Cuba 2032, can initiate flowering 100 days after planting (DAP), and before the daylength decreases to 12.5 h. Photoinsensitive varieties can, therefore, be planted during May or early June in central United States and still have ample time to produce mature seed. The earlier production of mature seed for photoinsensitive varieties greatly expands the potential seed production areas.

As a livestock feed, kenaf is usually harvested at an earlier growth stage than as a fiber crop; 60 to 90 DAP compared with 120 to 150 DAP. During a shorter growing season, photoinsensitive varieties can produce dry matter yields equivalent to photosensitive varieties, while using seed that can be produced further north and in a larger geographic area.

Harvesting and Pelletizing

The evaluation of field equipment for harvesting kenaf continues to be an important aspect of commercialization. It has been demonstrated that standard forage cutting, chopping and baling equipment can be used for harvesting kenaf as either a forage or fiber crop. Kenaf can be baled into small square or large round bales. Sugar cane harvesters, with and without modification, have also been successfully used to harvest kenaf. In cotton growing regions, cotton modules have been used for field-side storage of chopped kenaf. Kenaf can also be pelleted for use as a fiber or forage crop.

Pelletizing kenaf increased its density by at least 390 percent, therefore, reducing both transportation and storage costs. It may be economically advantageous to use available commercial harvesting and processing equipment rather than investing in the development and production of kenaf specific equipment. Appropriate harvesting and pelletizing equipment is readily available throughout the United States. Mobile in the field harvester/separators are being developed, which will cut and then separate the bast and core fibers in the field.

When harvesting kenaf for fiber use, the moisture content and the equipment availability are important considerations. Kenaf can be harvested for fiber when it is dead, due to a killing frost or herbicides, or when it is still growing. The dry standing kenaf can be cut and then chopped, baled or transported as full length stalks. If the kenaf drying and defoliation process is dependent on a killing frost, the harvesting date will vary on the area of the state where the crop is growing and the time required for the kenaf to dry unless artificial drying is used. Much of the land which could be planted to kenaf does not lend itself to late harvest because of weather conditions and soil type.

Actively growing kenaf can be cut and then allowed to dry in the field. 0nce dried, the kenaf can then be chopped, baled or transported as full length stalks. The availability of in the field harvester/separators will add to the harvesting options.

Kenaf is a crop which is normally harvested in late fall or winter, and only once during the year. This presents some unique situations as far as supply and storage are concerned.

Marketing

Additional markets for kenaf as a fiber crop and as a finished product need to be developed. The development of kenaf as a fiber crop depends on several conditions. What happens in the forest industry in the wood and pulp product areas will be a major factor in the development of kenaf into a major industry The development of large stable markets for the raw and finished products must occur before farmers and industry will be willing to invest time and capital on a large scale.

The development of any new industry takes time, capital, scientific research, product research and development, and eventually stable markets. In the kenaf industry part of this development has already happened, but much is yet to be done.

Summary

The United States acceptance of kenaf as a major commercial crop will be strengthened as additional uses for kenaf are established. The increased production, processing and product development work being conducted within private industry state universities and USDA laboratories is encouraging and suggests a bright future for the establishment of kenaf as a commercial crop. However, for kenaf to become a viable alternative agricultural crop, stable markets must be established which will provide farmers with an economic return equal to or surpassing what they now receive for a given crop.

For kenaf to effectively replace products now on the market, it will have to be of equal or better quality than those to be replaced, be readily available to the industry and end users, be easily harvested and h have potential to be economically produced.

Additional agricultural research for tropical countries should include disease control and variety adaptation, along with the evaluation of harvesting systems and the economics appropriate for their country’s production areas and products.

Kenaf is now being used in automobile interiors and other similar products.

Hemp Oil Benefits That People Ought To Know

Many people are very fond of using beauty products like body oils and lotions that are manufactured by leading companies. But because these products are quite expensive, not all people are able to enjoy them. But the good news for other people who want to try skin care products is that there are alternatives that even provide better benefits. Hemp oil’s benefits compared to other products are better and more effective in achieving optimum health condition.

A hemp oil is produced after pressing hemp seeds. This oil is known to be rich in several nutrients needed by the body, some of these are the Omega 6 and Omega 3, amino acids, and other essential fatty acids. According to World Health Organization (WHO), these acids are needed by the body for optimal health.

Although the oil is believed to provide a lot of benefits, other people are still hesitant about it. Because it contains tetrahydrocannabinol, people think it is not as healthy as it appears. But according to companies that manufacture hemp oil, only the seed contains this element; therefore, these elements are removed during the process of pressing the seeds to extract the oil.

In other countries, hemp seeds are not used to produce food, and are not recommended for human consumption. However, they can be used to produce skin care or industrial products. For skin care products made of hemp seeds, there are many positive benefits that can be expected.

Hemp oil has several properties that make it one of the best products when it comes to skin care:

· Gentle for anyone.

People have different skin types, which is why it’s very important to use a product that won’t trigger allergic reactions. Hemp oil is ideal for different types of skin.

· It’s an anti-inflammatory product.

People suffering from skin irritation, redness, rashes and other skin issues can safely use the oil as it alleviates these symptoms. Also, people who have eczema, acne, psoriasis, and dermatitis can safely use this oil. It’s very safe for the skin.

· It contains moisturizers.

Hemp oil contains essential fatty acids, which make it effective to act as a moisturizer. This could very well help people who have oily and dry skin. Unlike the greasy feeling brought by other body oils or lotions, hemp oil makes the skin moisturized all day without getting the pores clogged.

· It’s perfect for hair care.

A lot of conditioners and shampoos today contain hemp oil. Since it contains a good amount of conditioning nutrients, it’s perfect for making the hair stronger and thicker.

Besides skin care benefits, the oil can also be used to reduce swelling and pain caused by osteoporosis and arthritis. Furthermore, it helps in relieving premenstrual stress, absorbing calcium, and acts as an ordinary sunblock.

The Advantages of Designing Products of Plastics

It has been nearly 40 years since Mr. McGuire took the recent graduate, Benjamin, aside from the pool party and whispered that one word, plastics. We’ve come a long ways in knowing what can and can’t be made of plastics, and have both wild successes and dismal failures in applying these fascinating new substances to our everyday commercial and industrial products. Savvy engineering skills in applying plastics can make or break a product design.

There was a time when things made of plastics were considered cheap and flimsy. Not so any more. New polymers have greatly expanded the horizons of possibilities. We board a jet to cross the Pacific made mostly of plastics. The frontal armor of an M-1 Abrams battle tank contains plastics, and previously unattainable temperatures and pressures of our power transmission equipment rely on plastics. Even the safety of nuclear power plants is dependent on plastics.

Engineering universities still teach metallurgy, metal fabrication techniques and metals performance in mechanical systems, but few teach plastics outside a cursory introduction to the topic. The plastic polymer manufacturers are the main sources for sound plastic design technology. This means that finding talented design engineers to perform conversions from existing materials to plastics is sometimes not easy.

While it may seem like making a part in plastics is less expensive than in metal, more often than not, the reverse is true. Metal is inexpensive and stamping, forming and machining it is fast, inexpensive and requires minimal investment in tooling. Conversely, plastic polymers are fairly expensive, especially engineering polymers with the kind of physical properties needed for many commercial and industrial components. In addition, plastic molding requires expensive tooling; even for single cavity prototypes while multi cavity production tooling can produce quite a sticker shock.

So if plastics are more expensive to tool up and run than their metal counterparts, why bother to convert from metals to plastics? Well, the secret to making a less expensive assembly involves integrating a number of components into a single unit. Typically four or five metal components can be integrated into a single plastic replacement part. Such things as pins, retainers, clips, brackets, etc. are often easy to integrate.

Doing this not only saves on tooling up multiple components; it also saves on the costs of purchasing, shipping, inspecting, and inventorying multiple part numbers. It also saves in cost of quality, because often, sub assemblies made up of a number of components can get assembled incorrectly. In a steering column subassembly used on one of the big three automaker’s most popular automobile, it took redesigning four components into a single plastic assembly to finally get their rejected parts PPM down below the desired 25 PPM zero defect level. The integrated plastic part cost just about exactly the same as the four components it replaced but the savings in reducing the number of parts plus the vastly improved quality level achieved, made it a highly profitable choice.

Integrating several parts together nearly always results in a reduced labor cost in assembling those parts as well. Even in automated equipment, handling one part instead of four is less expensive and almost always less time consuming.

Some other advantages of using plastics over metals include a lighter weight finished assembly. In terms of handling and shipping, this can represent a substantial savings. Plastic parts also don’t tarnish or corrode, so do not require plating or coating operations that metal parts usually need.

Intelligent design of plastic components can be a boon for many products currently using metal parts. Often substantial savings can be garnered in parts count, ease of manufacture, labor rates, and the cost of quality. The tidal wave of changeover from metals to plastics is continuing and there is no indication that the trend will not continue or even accelerate as new and better polymers are being developed.

Environmental Industry – More Than a Consumer Fad

Reduce. Reuse. Recycle. This common phrase is practiced with a new fervor by an emerging group of extreme environmentalists across the country today. Known as “freegans,” this group of ecological advocates and capitalist dissenters lives on the scraps of modern society; screaming anti-consumerism by the very nature of their lifestyles. As a movement to support the sustainability of the planet and protest federal statutes, freegans forage for the necessities of life, often by dumpster diving or recycling society’s waste to generate functional products. While they do not have stipulated rules or an organized structure, freegan’s anti-waste principles are gaining momentum across the country as Americans begin to realize the imminent consequences of waste-driven lifestyles and careless industry.

Freegans may approach their cause with a bit of over-the-top enthusiasm by the account of an average observer, but their voice of environmental concern is echoed by businesses and industrial sectors throughout the country. Among many, the construction industry has seen exponential growth in the innovative manufacture and specification of “green” product solutions. Manufacturers are producing materials from post-consumer and post-industrial waste, engineering new ways to conserve water, re-routing power to the sun, and introducing new ways to reclaim products after their useful lives. Third-party organizations such as the United States Green Building Council have emerged to distinguish environmental product claims and manufacturers are evaluating not only their raw materials and end product, but the processes of their production facilities.

Founded on the same concern for environmental health as the fanatic freegan lifestyle, commercial construction is turning toward sustainable, recycled, and renewable solutions. In Lancaster, Pennsylvania, recycled rubber surfacing manufacturer ECORE International produces commercial and fitness flooring from old truck and car tires, saving over 80 million pounds of scrap tire rubber from landfills each year. Many other manufacturing companies have followed suite, establishing thriving businesses out of recycling old commercial or consumer products into new materials. As an industry that employs extensive resources and generates millions of square feet of product each year, construction’s potential environmental impact exceeds that of consumer movements or individual lifestyle decisions. Unfortunately, not all manufacturers have begun to embrace sustainable principles and the associated cost of “greening” production processes has lead many competitive companies to avoid it altogether. The purchasing power of buyers will become a vital role in the continued evolution of green construction and its lasting impact on the health of the natural environment.

While some may choose to impact the planet by foraging for food in dumpsters and boycotting industrial involvement, industry itself is making notable strides in the fight for environmental progress.

Engineering Die Casting Aluminum for Industrial Use

Die casting aluminum is preferred industrial procedure when it comes to creating prototypes or machine parts. The process is very easy and done where the specification requirement is high. It means pouring hot melted metal into molds which are designed according to requirements. Once the hot molten is cooled it forms the shape of mold. Resistance to pressure and temperature changes hardly affects the working of this process. In short, it is one step process which can be used for creation of metal parts, detailing and quality are something which are closely associated. You can expect the detailing to be crisp and clear, well for those who need exact numbers this is the right step that can be used for best output.

This can be done through various types of casters. The internet is loaded with such websites which cater such requirements. All you need to do is find the right website which caters to all such requirements. Various delivery options are also available that can be used for transportation purposes. In all the work done, you can compare it with other industrial methods too. In the working of die casting, millimeter differences can take place, which are not noticeable to the human eye. Well if you look at it through the engineering aspect then yes they can be traced, their presence does not affect the performance of the part created. In all these differences do not cause any sort of problem to the working neither to the quality of the product produced.

Before opting for an online firm always check for past client comments and testimonials. They can help a lot in finding the right type of website as now you will be aware about the service offered. Also look out for custom designs and molds, yes there are numerous websites on the internet which cater to custom requirements. The reason for selecting custom requirements is because of its accuracy and design. Well, you are sure about the design in every manner, production of such parts will definitely be accurate and according to requirements. Various payment options are also present that help in making the buying easy and affordable. You need not waste extra money for the transaction charges.

Die Casting Aluminum therefore proves to be beneficial for industrial products. Prototypes require various changes and modifications. It is also one of the affordable techniques of productions used over decades. The need to adopt this technology is because of the time consumed and costs involved, they are less and preferred over traditional methods of production.